Lata Mangeshkar: The Voice of the Millennial

posted on 14 Feb 2022 | Author DR. RAJKUMAR SINGH

World-renowned playback singer Lata Mangeshkar’s uninterrupted seven-decade career came to an end on February 6, 2022 at 8:12 a.m., when she took her final width at Breach Candy Hospital in Bombay, after a brief illness due to Covid-19 and a follow-up chest infection she had been battling with since being hospitalized on January 8. In the context of India and South Asia, a playback singer is a singer whose singing is pre-recorded for use in films via soundtracks, and the actors and actresses synchronize the songs for the cameras, but the real singers don’t appear on screen. In the history of Indian cinema, the first talkie, Alam Ara was made in 1931 and from there until 1952-53; there was the tradition of double recording – one for the film during filming and another in the recording studio. It was the time when even playback singers enjoyed equal prominence as through and actresses with respect and admiration from the public.

Apart from being a living legend of music reading, Lata Mangeshkar has composed music for many Marathi films and produced both Marathi and Hindi films at the same time. She was the only versatile musical genius who sang songs of all types – from classical to pop in 36 Indian languages ​​and some foreign languages ​​and possessed more than a dozen international, national and state awards and honors in the field of music which include “Dadasaheb Phalke” in 1989, followed by Bharat Ratna; India’s highest civilian honor in 2001 and the French government’s highest civilian honor; the National Order of the Legion of Honor in 2007. Over long years of singing and unparalleled public/mass respect across the world and in Asia in particular, she has won several titles, such as Nightingale of India, Voice of Millennium. As a singer, she started her career in 1942 when she was only thirteen years old and her last recorded song was the performance of the Gayatri Mantra on December 12, 2018, during the wedding ceremony of Mukesh’s daughter Ambani, the icon of the industrial field.

Childhood and beginning of singing

Reading icon Lata Mangeshkar was born into a Maharashtrian Brahmin family on September 28, 1929, in Indore, now Madhya Pradesh, then capital of the princely state of Indore, which was part of the Central Agency of India in British India. As the eldest daughter of Deenanath Mangeshkar (father) and Shevanti (mother), she received the spirit of music from her father who was also a classical singer and theater actor and at the age of five she was worked as an actress in her father’s house. musical pieces. At birth, she was named ‘Hema’, but later renamed Lata due to a female role in her father’s character as ‘Latika’.

Her singing and acting career started from Marathi films and she was given a very short role in the Marathi film, Pahili Mangalaa-gaur (1942), but she soon moved to Mumbai (1945) because her Vinayak company has moved its headquarters. This gave her a golden chance to learn more and she joined Hindustani classical music to take enough lessons from Ustad Aman Ali Khan. She sang her first song in Hindi and Marathi in 1943, but three years later she had the opportunity to sing in Vasant Joglekar’s Hindi film, “Aap Ki Seva Mein” in 1946. After the death of Vinayak in 1948, Lata Mangeshkar was patronized and promoted by musical director Ghulam Haider, who recognized Lata’s talent in music and gave her a major break in the film, ‘Majboor’ (1948) and a year later, she became a figurehead thanks to her song ‘Ayega Aane Waala’ in the classic film ‘Mahal’.

At the beginning of her singing career, the year 1959 was memorable when she received the award for best female playback singer for the song “Aaja Re Pardesi” in the film “Madhumati”, followed by the “award for the best musical director by the Maharashtra State Film Award”. , for the movie ‘Sadhi Manase’.

Reach the climax of reading while singing

From 1960 she was on an endless musical journey and the prognosis of Ghulam Haider came true who said in the early 1950s that directors would “fall at Lata’s feet” and “beg” her to sing in their movies when Sashadhar Mukherjee dismissed Lata’s voice for becoming “too thin”. After the great success in the field of song reading in number of famous films of the time like Tarana, Heer, Bari Behen, Afsana, Deedar, Baiju Bawra, Amar and Mother India (1957). During this period, she sang the songs of famous musical directors of the time, such as Anil Biswas, Shankar Jaikishan, Naushad Ali, RD Burman, C. Ramachandra, Hemant Kumar, Salil Chowdhury, Kalyanji-Anandji, Vasant Desai , Madan Mohan. , Usha Khanna and many more.

As in the 1950s, his musical career reached new heights in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s without any interruption or hindrance and became unparalleled famous and respected in most of Asia and the world. She gave her melodious voice to many great films of the era like Pakeezah, Abhiman, Dastak, Heer Raanjha, Mausam, Laila Majnu, Amar Prem, Kati Patang, Kora Kagaz as well as dozens of memorable films released in Hindi and in several South Indian languages. The decade of 1970s also recorded its success in gaining National Film Awards and awards from Indian government from time to time. In 1972, she received the first national film award, “Best Female Playback Singer” for her songs in the film, “Paricha”, while before that Indian government award, “Padma Bhushan” in 1969.

End of life no memory

The death of human beings is an eternal thing that no one has dared to challenge until now. The death of his news has spread like wildfire and a series of condolences and shock waves follow day and night. The Government of India and most of the State Governments have announced the two-day sentence (on the 6thand and 7and of February) as a sign of respect for the departed soul and prayed for her to rest in peace (RIP). She passed away at the age of 92, leading a very simple and purposeful life from a young age. She has lived a life full of inspiration for others, especially those who want a career in the music industry and has attained the position of stardom in the music fraternity, besides having a love, affection and boundless respect in the heart of crores. of people in India and around the world.

(The author is currently Professor and Head of Department of Political Science and Dean of Social Sciences at BN Mandal University. He is also a writer and columnist)